Sunday, December 16, 2007

The Presidential Commission for the Study of the Communist Dictatorship in Romania (Romanian: Comisia Prezidenţială pentru Analiza Dictaturii Comuniste din România), also known as the Tismăneanu Commission (Comisia Tismăneanu), is a commission instituted in Romania by President Traian Băsescu in order to carry out an investigation of the Communist regime and provide a comprehensive report allowing for the condemnation of Communism as experienced by Romania. Created in April 2006 as a panel presided over by political scientist Vladimir Tismăneanu, it focused on examining the activity of institutions that enforced and the perpetuated the communist dictatorship, "the methods making possible the abuses, the murders, the felonies of the dictatorship, the flagrant violations of human rights and the role of some political figures in the maintaining and the functioning of the totalitarian regime in Romania".
The Commission presented its final report to Parliament on December 18 of the same year — it has been adopted as an official document of the Romanian Presidency, and published on its website. The report confirms Romania as the first former Eastern Bloc country to officially condemn its Сommunist regime.


Final report
The report identifies several individuals as responsible for officially-endorsed violent methods. Several of them have their biographies reviewed as part of the 660 pages long text. Among those identified as main supporters of the communist regime are several present-day political figures (former Romanian President Ion Iliescu, and senators Corneliu Vadim Tudor and Adrian Păunescu), as well as the Commission President's own father, Leonte Tismăneanu.
In the category comprising those found to be "guilty of enforcing and perpetuating a regime built on crimes" are named Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej, Ana Pauker, Gheorghe Apostol, Gheorghe Rădulescu, Manea Mănescu and Ion Iliescu.
Among those found responsible for political indoctrination are Ion Iliescu, Mihai Roller, Paul Niculescu-Mizil, Valter Roman, and Silviu Brucan.
A special category comprises those participants in the cultural life who were found to have actively supported the Сommunist regime. The Report mentions Eugen Barbu, Corneliu Vadim Tudor, Dan Zamfirescu, Ion Dodu Bălan, Dinu Săraru, Adrian Păunescu, Ilie Bădescu, Mihai Ungheanu, Nicolae Dan Fruntelată, Arthur Silvestri and Ilie Purcaru. The Săptămâna magazine, directed by Eugen Barbu and Corneliu Vadim Tudor, was considered "the main platform for manipulative pseudo-nationalism during the late years of the Ceauşescu regime".
The report imentions Mihai Bujor Sion and Leonte Tismăneanu among the main activists of the Romanian Communist Party. Those identified as involved in the regime's propaganda apparatus are Matei Socor (head of the Agerpres news agency), Paul Niculescu-Mizil, Leonte Răutu, Eugen Florescu and Ion Iliescu.
Ghizela Vass and Ştefan Andrei were identified as main agents of the Communist regime involved in policies pertaining to external affairs.

Presidential Commission for the Study of the Communist Dictatorship in Romania Pillars, enforcers, and supporters of Communism
The report also contradicts President Băsescu's earlier assertion (a thesis also supported also by the Left and nationalist groupings of the Romanian political spectrum) that the Communist secret police, the Securitate, can be divided into two distinct sections - one serving the regime, the other ensuring the nation's security. Vladimir Tismăneanu was quoted by Adevărul saying:
"We [the Commission] reject on a scientific basis the existence of two kinds of Securitate, one of before 1965, Cominternist and anti-patriotic, and the other one devoted to the people and to the patriotic values".

Anti-Communist dissidents Victor Frunză and Ionel Cana have published a protest letter. The report fails to account for the widespread abuses and murders perpetrated by the regime against the Orthodox Church. The report is considered unscientific and blatantly biased, given that it characterizes Orthodox theologian Dumitru Stăniloae as an author of "lousy works" praising the action of the regime. According to Dan Ciachir, the article has its starting point in an article by historian Florin Constantiniu, which states that the Tismaneanu commission responds to a political need, not a scientific one.

Presidential Commission for the Study of the Communist Dictatorship in Romania The moral authority of the commission
Some critics point out that:
Important dissident leaders are omitted from the report.

No comments: